Change Language:
Archaeological Sites
Archaeological Site of Philippi
scattered clouds
18°C
Humidity: 88%
Clouds: 40%

The ancient city of Philippi is the most important archaeological site of eastern Macedonia and is located 15 km from Kavala and 21 km from Drama.

 

The colony of Krinides was founded in 360 BC by Thassians who chose the location because of the wealth of the region. But very quickly (365 BC) the new colony was threatened by the Thracians. Therefore they seek for the help of Philip II, King of Macedonia, who foresees the economic and strategic importance of the city, captures it and gives it his name: Philippi.

 

The city flourished during the Hellenistic period. During this period, the wall, the theater, various public buildings and private homes were build. The passing of the "Egnatia" road through Philippi during the 2nd century BC, gave the entire region even more prestige and turned it into a benchmark in the region.

In 42 BC after the battle of Philippi and the Octavian's victory, the town became a Roman colony and was turned into an economic, administrative and cultural center.

 

In Philippi, the first Christian church of Europe was constructed by Apostle Paul in 49/50 AD. The prevalence of Christianity and the transfer of the capital of the Roman Empire in Constantinople gave glory to the town of Philippi. In the early Christian period (4th to 6th century AD) and at the same position of the Roman buildings, the band's'' Octagon'', with the cathedral, dedicated to the Apostle Paul, and three grand basilicas were build.

The city was slowly abandoned from the early 7th AD century due to earthquakes and Slavic raids, while the complete desolation of Philippi came after the Turkish conquest in the late 14th century.

 

Modern archaeological research began in 1914 and continues today. All archaeological findings are exhibited in the Archaeological Museum of Philippi.

The most important archaeological monuments of the site are:

• the walls,

• the Acropolis

• the Theatre,

• the Roman Forum,

• the Royal'' A'',

• the Royal'' B'' and

• an octagonal temple.

 

 

WALLS

The enclosure of walls starts from the top of the hill where the Acropolis stands and surrounds the foot of the hill and part of the valley.

The first and oldest phase of the wall dates back to the time of Philip II and the second and later during the reign of Justinian I (527-565 AD).

The total length of the wall perimeter reaches 3.5 km and is supported at intervals by strong towers. Towers are also flanking the three gates that were found during excavations.

 

ACROPOLIS

Inside the citadel of the ancient city and on top of the hill fortress, dominates a large quadrangular tower from pre-Byzantine period.

The findings at the Acropolis of Philippi, show us that the hill was inhabited since the early Iron Age.

 

THEATRE

The theater was probably built by King Philip II in the middle of the 4th century BC.

During the 2nd and 3rd century AD significant changes and additions were made to accommodate the operation of the different habits and needs of Roman spectacles.

 

ROMAN MARKET

The Roman Market (Forum), the administrative center of Philippi in the Roman era, is located in the center of the city.

Various public buildings were organized around a central plaza with monumental buildings, the northeastern and northwestern temple. North of the market lies a large paved road which was the ancient “Egnatia Road”.

The earliest phase of the Roman Market dates back to the 1st century AD and is built on city buildings of the Hellenistic and early Roman periods.

 

BASILICA A

The Basilica A dates back to the end of the 5th century AD. It is a great three-dimensional royal 130x50 meters and is remarkable due to its sculptural decoration (capitals, capitals, parapets).

It is the biggest basilica ever excavated.

 

BASILICA B

The Basilica B dates back to around 550 AD. It is a basilica with a narthex and annexes to the north and south (bottle diaconicon).

The almost square nave, which was covered with a dome, was based on large pillars. The altar was also covered with a dome. Architectural and decorative patterns was the famous churches of Constantinople, Agia Sophia and Agia Irene.

 

OCTAGONAL TEMPLE

An early Christian octagonal type church, on the east side of the Market.

It is the complex of the episcopal church in Philippi, including the octagonal church and other buildings around it, as the baptistery, the public baths, the episcopal palace and some warehouses.

 

 

 

Opening hours:

01 April to 31 October > Monday - Friday, 8 am - 8 pm, Saturday - Sunday, 8 am - 3 pm

01 November to 31 March > Tuesday to Sunday, 8:30 a.m. - 3 pm

 

Tickets (valid for Archaeological Museum of Philippi, Philippi):

Complete: 4,00 €

Reduced: 2,00 €

 

Contact:

Provincial Road Platamonas - Adriani

64003, Krinides Kavala

Tel: (+30) 2510 516251

Fax: (+30) 2510 622 810