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Monuments
Roman fortification of Nikopolis
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Near the town of Preveza and more specifically 6 miles north of it lies the ancient city of Nikopolis which extends from the Ionian Sea to the Amvrakikos bay.


Nikopolis (city of victory) was founded by Octavian Augustus in 31 BC to celebrate his victory over Antony and Cleopatra at the Battle of Actium. The city had about 30,000 residents during Roman times and there was a great development which continued until the later Christian period. It is an impressive large area occupied by the archaeological site and the plethora of monuments that have been preserved and spread over a great area of 1,500 hectares.

The fact that there have been absolutely no modern residential interventions makes it a unique place where the ancient city of Nikopolis and the natural environment remain intact until today.

The most important monuments for anyone to see and admire in this large area are particularly the Roman and Byzantine walls, the Odeon, the Theater, the Baths, the Aqueducts and parts of the old Churches. Also visiting the hill Smyrtoulas offers a panoramic view across the area. Octavian Augustus had installed here his observatory during the battle. At this spot the great temple was built by Augustus, as a memorial to his great victory.

The Roman walls as well as other public buildings which covered a great area were built by bricks around 30 BC, after the city was established. The circumference is exceeding 5 km. Outside the city walls stayed the suburbs with the temple of Apollo, the sacred grove and public buildings, such as theater, the stage, the Gymnasium and Baths. After the invasion of the Herulians and Goths in the Roman Empire, the walls were repaired and reinforced to resist attacks of the barbarians.

The Theatre of Nikopolis in the suburbs, north of the walled city is an impressive edifice, built in the early 1st century AD, like many other public buildings of the city. It was primarily used during the New Actium, which were religious games held in honor of the god Apollo.

One of the best preserved monuments of Nikopolis is the Roman Odeon whch impresses visitors with its architecture. It was constructed during the reign of Augustus (early 1st century AD) and it had various repairs and alterations at the end of the 2nd - early 3rd century AD.
It is located in the center of the ancient city and was a place of speeches, literary and musical events, as well as theater performances during the New Actium.

An impressive building is also the Nymphaeum of Nikopolis, located on the west side of the town, a short distance from the west gate of the Roman walls and is dating back from the third century BC. It consists of two brick buildings covering large cisterns that brought water to the city. In the inside it was decorated with marble statues of water and nature theme which were mounted on marble niches.

Another important building is the northern Roman baths of Nikopolis, built in the 1st century BC. The baths were very important to in Octavian Augustus. They are located in the suburbs, north of the ancient city walls, an area which was considered sacred because of its proximity to the temple of Apollo.
This monument which impresses the visitors was primarily used by athletes who participated in the New Actium races in honor of Apollo.


Contact information

Nicopolis Archeological Museum

5th km National Highway Preveza - Ioannina

48100 Preveza

Tel: (+30) 26820 89892

Fax: (+30) 26820 89893

Email: amn@culture.gr

Web: http://www.nicopolismuseum.gr

 

Opening hours

Monday - Sunday: 8:00 a.m. - 3 pm (Winter)

Tuesday - Sunday: 8:00 a.m. - 3 pm (Summer)

 

Tickets (valid for Nikopolis Archeological Museum, Nikopolis)

General Admission: 3 €

Discount: 2 €

 

Closed

January 1, Sunday and Easter Monday, May 1, 25 - 26 December



© myGreece.travel photo
© myGreece.travel photo
© myGreece.travel photo