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Monuments
National Theatre
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The National Theatre is housed in a palatial building at Agios Konstantinos street in the center of Athens. The building was built between 1891-1901 by the famous Austrian architect Ernst Ziller and thanks to a donation of £ 10,000 offered by Efstratios Rallis to King George the First. The building has undergone several alterations and renovations during the 20th century.

The theater was first founded in 1901 as the official Royal Theatre, but a few years later all performances were canceled and it remained closed until 1932. In 1930, it  was re-founded as the National Theatre. The opening was on March 19 with the plays "Agamemnon" by Aeschylus and "Theios Oneiros" of Xenopoulos. Permanent partners of the theater were Kleovoulos Klonis (scenery), Fotis Politis (director), Antonis Fokas (costumes). The general management was appointed to John Griparis.

In the next years, the National Theatre hosts the biggest theater artists in the country such as Dimitrios Rontiris, Melina Mercouri, Eleni Papadakis, Karolos Koun, Marika Kotopouli, Emil Veakis., Dimitris Horn, Ellie Lambeti.

Over the years, the need for construction of new facilities became imperative and led  to the establishing of new scenes.

In 1939 was founded the National Opera as part of the National Theatre. In 1956 was built the second stage with a view to presenting modern Greek plays. In 1996 were founded the Experimental Theatre, The Empty Space and the Laboratory of the Actors. In 1971 was founded the New Stage by the famous  architect M. Perakis. Finally, in 1995 was launched  the Children's Stage, also known as "Katina Paxinou scene".

Purpose of theatre  was to promote the spiritual growth of the people and preserve the national cultural identity, always through the art of theater. As stated in its statutes, the purposes mainly include:

The study, research, teaching and promotion of the ancient drama.

The stage teaching, promotion and development of modern Greek drama.

The stage presentation and interpretation of classical works.

The survey, exploration and experimentation in new forms of theater and theatrical expression.

The realization of performances for children and young people.

Providing theatrical training by creating drama school.

Promoting international theatrical exchanges and cooperation theatrical world, mainly in Europe and the countries where it operates the emigrant Hellenism.

Creating conditions and incentives for the promotion and encouragement of the theatrical potential of the country.

The National Theatre is one of the most important pieces of theater arts  in Greece. It has contributed to the establishment of the Epidaurus festival helping significantly to the revival of the ancient drama.

The National Theatre is now a museum which has a very rich library, a huge wardrobe of 20000 costumes, lavish photographs, sketches and set design drawings.