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Odeon of Herodes Atticus
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The Odeon of Herodes Atticus, also known as Herodion, is an ancient conservatory located on the southwest side of the Acropolis hill, to the right of the access to the sacred rock. It was built under the sponsorship of Herodes Atticus in honor of his wife Aspasia Ania Rigilli, who died in 160 AD.

Intended primarily for conducting musical events although after the archaeological findings it is speculated that the monument was used also for bullfighting and duels. It was the third Conservatory built in Athens from 160 BC to 157 AD, after the Odeon of Agrippa (which collapsed around 150 AD) and the one dedicated to Pericles (which was burnt by Sylas in 85 BC).

The Conservatory holds a semicircular theater shape with a radius of 38 meters. The wall of the stage is also the front of the monument. It is an impressive structure 28 meters tall, richly decorated with marble architectural elements, columns, niches and statues which still survive today. The Conservatory can accommodate approximately 5,000 people and its roof was allegedly made ​​from cedar wood.

According to ancient sources, the Conservatory operated for 105 years, during which undoubtedly was the main conservatory of Athens. It was destroyed during the invasion of the Heruli in 267 AD.

Today, the conservatory is renovated and during the summer and autumn months hosts important cultural events as well as the Athens Festival.

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