Change Language:
Unesco Monuments
Pythagoreion and Heraion of Samos
few clouds
19°C
Humidity: 68%
Clouds: 20%

Pythagoreion

The Pythagorean is a village of Samos, located on the southeastern side of the island, 12 km from the town of Samos.

In ancient times Samos was a great naval and commercial power. Many colonies of Samos have been established in various regions such as Thrace, the Ionian coast and others. On the same spot as the current Pythagoreion once lied the ancient city of Samos, one of the greatest cities of antiquity.

In the area as well as in the Heraion area, archaelogists have uncovered artifacts from the 4th millennium BC, however, Samos experienced its period of great prosperity in the mid-sixth century. B.C. The most important findings dating back to that period are the Efpalinion tunnel, the Heraion which was a temple dedicated to the goddess Hera and the port.

The excavations in the ancient city of Samos have uncovered evidence that it was a city with a wonderful organization, walls, streets, houses with excellent technical frills, squares, temples, baths, cemeteries, etc. Moreover, Samos and became an important cultural center and birthplace of great philosophers and scientists, such as the mathematician Pythagoras, the astronomer Aristarchus, the poet Simonides, the philosopher Epicurus and many others.

In 1992, the ancient city of Samos and the Heraion Pythagorean were included as World Heritage Sites by the UNESCO.

 

Heraion of Samos

Heraion is a village of about 500 inhabitants in the south of Samos and belongs administratively to the Municipal Pagondas. He is known mainly because there are the ruins of Heraion, glorious ancient temple, which was dedicated to the goddess Hera.

Hera was worshiped in Samos since the Mycenaean era. In the village of Heraion where from ever since an altar and a sanctuary. Later, the altar becomes larger and the 8th century. B.C. built the first temple, Hekatompedon, who had a length of 100 feet. In the following centuries, and especially in the middle of the sixth century. BC, the temple was rebuilt with new expensive materials and expanded. These operations led to the construction of a grand temple of the most important of Ionic architecture, unfortunately very soon destroyed by an earthquake.

At the time of the tyrant Polycrates (538-522 BC) built a new church, over the corrupt. According to Herodotus, was the largest temple in Greece. It dipteral Ionic measuring 55,16 x108, 63 meters from the 155 columns that originally the temple, only one remains standing today at half of its original height is estimated to be 20m. The columns were made of marble, while the rest of the church was built of limestone.

The findings of the excavations started in the Heraion before about 125 years and continue to date indicate that the cult of Hera and the radiance of the sanctuary was not only nationwide but worldwide and accept visitors from almost the entire known world (Asia Minor, Egypt, Phoenicia, Babylon, Mesopotamia, Persia, Greece, etc.). The offerings at the sanctuary are examples of exceptional artistry and technique from different places and cultures.

 

 

 

Opening hours:

Tuesday - Sunday, 8 am - 3 pm

 

Tickets (valid for Archaeological Museum of Olympia & Olympia)

Complete: 3,00 €

Reduced: 2,00 €

 

Contact information:

Ireo

83103, Samos, Samos

Tel: (+30) 22 730 62 811 and 13

Fax: (+30) 22890 22325

Email: amp@culture.gr