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The Waterfalls’ Cave in Edessa
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Edessa, the capital of the Prefecture of Pella, is located to central Macedonia. The waterfalls and the tourist waterfalls’ cave (which has taken its name from River Edessaios) are located a few minutes far from the city center. Just before reaching the waterfalls, the river crosses a part of the city which has been declared as ‘the Open-Air Water Museum of Edessa’. Apart from the two most recognized tourist attractions of the city, the museum’s area includes watermills, an aquarium and a botanical garden.

 

History

The today picture of the waterfalls is the result of processes conducted during the last decades. Until the late 14th century, the main bulk of water was restrained in a small basin at the west part of the city. After the 14th century and probably due to a geological phenomenon, the waters crossed the city and began running from the rock, creating many small rivers. There are reports from the locals who remember the period when the waterfalls were hidden among bushes and dense foliage of the trees until 1942 when the Germans, with compulsory workings, appeared them. After the war the site went after the Municipality’s authority that has highlighted the area turning it into one of the most popular tourist attractions.

 

The Waterfalls

Out of the seven waterfalls only the four of them can be visited with Karanos to be the largest one. Its waters fall from a height of 70m while directly behind it there is an impressive cavern with a vaulted roof and the remarkable interior decoration composed of stalactites and stalagmites. The waterfalls of Edessa are a unique natural phenomenon in Greece and one of the two existing worldwide. Their uniqueness lies in the fact that unlike other waterfalls which get shifted backwards due to erosion, the waterfalls of Edessa get shifted forwards forming primary caves.

 

The Cavern

The cavern’s entrance is located right next to the spot where the waterfalls run. It is a small cavern with a few rooms that vary in size. The cavern is the only primary exploited one in Greece. The difference with the rest is that this waterfalls’ cavern has been created by the external deposition of limestone pieces on the mosses that grow under waterfalls. The cavern is about 25m long. A wooden bar that marks the end of the cave has been put at the end of the corridor. From this spot you can see a small descend of about 2m which cannot be visited.

 

The Botanical Garden -The Aquarium -The Mills

Inside the Open-air Museum boundaries there is developed an area that has been declared a Botanical garden due to its particular fauna. Here grow many native evergreen trees such as laurels, deciduous shrubs and clinging plants such as kotinos and ivies, deciduous trees such as the European hackberries and wild chestnuts and hydrophilic trees like planes.

The Aquarium is housed into one of the two flourmills which in the past hosted the sesame press. The Aquarium operates under the supervision and personal care of the biologist Mr. Boskos and hosts many fish species, amphibians and reptiles. Among the most representative species is the Sheatfish, one of the largest freshwater fish and the Mosquito-eater which is one of the smallest fish in the world with a unique ability to kill mosquitoes.

Moreover visitors will see the Watermill and the Salambasis Flourmill.

 

Further Information

A kiosk that provides information concerning the park operates at the watermills’ site. There are many shops in the nearby roads to buy souvenirs and taste local foods and sweets.

Tourist Information Office: +3(0) 2381020300

E - Mail: info@edessacity.gr.

Website: http://www.edessacity.gr.