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Mountains
Ainos National Park
scattered clouds
25°C
Humidity: 42%
Clouds: 40%

Ainos National Park was established in 1962 and it is located at the southernmost edge of Kefalonia. It is the smallest National Park of the country that aims to preserve the endemic species of Abies cephalonica. The National Park is ideal for eco-tours and alternative touristic ativities.

 

Geography

Ainos National Park is developed into 2 distinct geographic areas. The core of the National Park is developed around the homonym mountain at an altitude of 800 meters and higher. The second area occupies the northern slopes of mount Rouda, located northwest of Ainos mountain. The total area of ​​the park is 2,682 hectares. Mega Soros is the highest peak of the National Park with an altitude of 1,627 meters.

Geologically, at mount Ainos predominate carbonate rocks such as limestones and dolomites.  The area is marked with significant geodiversity that includes caves, valleys with deep intense erosion and steep cliffs.

 

Mythology

According to Greek mythology, the top of Ainos was the place of residence for Jupiter. Another version says that on top of Ainos found shelter  the winged sons of Boreas, who were pursued by the Harpies Okypeti that jeopardize the Argonauts.

 

Ecology

The flora of the region is characterized by the presence of the endemic species of Abies cephalonica. The highest areas are dominated by thorny brushwood. More than 400 species of flora have been recorded at the National Park. The rare endemic species of cephalonica violet grows at high altitudes between the cracks of calcareous rocks. 'Chionistra' is the main habitat of cephalonica violet.

The fauna of the National Park of Ainos is consisted by  a few species of mammals such as foxes, badgers, hares and a significant number of bird species. The characteristic species are the partridge and the eagle. Finally, a small herd of horses lives in the National Park in semi-wild state.