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Forests
Agrafa
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Agrafa mountains  are the southern terminus of  Pindos mountain range. Τhey are located within the limits of the regions of Central Greece and Thessaly. The area is renowned for its breathtaking natural landscapes and its Byzantine-Post-Byzantine cultural heritage.

 

Geography

Agrafa mountains  rise among the prefectures of Evritania and Karditsa. The area is bounded by Plastira lake at the North and by Kastraki lake at the South.  Tavropos river forms the eastern boundary of the region. An intense hydrographic network has been developed with major rivers Tavropos, also known as Megdovas and Agrafiotis. The landscape of Agrafa mountains is characterized by intense erosion, gorges, caves and steep cliffs. The highest peak is Karava that reaches a height of 2,184 meters.

Geologically, Agrafa mountains are consisted of limestones and flysch formations. The specific rocks combined with excessive rainfall lead  to the development of an extensive aquifer.

 

History

According to the tradition there are two versions, concerning the name of the region. In the first version the name of the mountain is due to the deletion of the region from the tax lists of the Emperor Constantine in the early 8th century AD. The second and most popular interpretation says that during the Ottoman period, Turkish officials deleted the area from their tax lists because they were unable to collect taxes from the rebellious inhabitants.

The area flourished during the Byzantine and post-Byzantine period, as evidenced by the great monasteries of Prousos, Panagia Trovatos, Panagia Pelekiti etc. During the period of Ottoman rule, weaving and weapon manufacturing was  flourished. Rocky bridges and paths are the remainings  of the trade routes during the Turkish period that can be observed in several places. The most famous of all is Korakos bridge. Agrafa mountains played an important role during the Greek revolution of 1821. In the 20th century, the population of the villages of the area decreased significantly due to migration to urban centers in Greece and abroad.

 

Flora and Fauna

At the mountains of Agrafa  grow forests of several species that include cedar, oaks, pines, maples, poplars and chestnut trees at higher altitudes. Greater than 50% of the species are in timber production.

In the forests of the mountains are observed wolves, wildcats, wild boars, deers, hares, foxes, ferrets, etc. Particular mention should be made of the large predatory animals who live in the area like the vulture and the eagle. Finally, in the rivers of the region swim trout, basses and carps.



© myGreece.travel photo
© myGreece.travel photo