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Forests
Athamanika Mountains
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Athamanika mountains, also known as Tzoumerka,  are part of  Pindos mountain range located at the boundaries of the regions of Thessaly and Epirus. Both the physical landscape and the traditional settlements set  Athamanika mountains as one of the most popular tourist destinations in Greece.

 

Geography

Athamanika mountains rise in-between the boundaries of the counties of Arta, Ioannina and Trikala. At the West the mountains are bounded by Aracthos river and at the East by Acheloos river. Geomorphologically, the region is divided into 2 sections: the northern section, belongs to Ioannina prefecture and hosts  the highest peak (2469 meters) and the southern part belongs mainly to the prefecture of Arta.

Geologically, Athamanika Mountains are consisted mainly of limestones and flysch formations. This alternation of rocks combined with intense rainfall has resulted the development of an extensive groundwater with a presence of springs in many places. The most famous water spring is "Agathi", near the village of Melisourgoi.

 

History

According to historical data, the first inhabitants were the Athamanes. Their civilization flourished in the 3rd century BC.  The alternative name of the mountains (Tzoumerka) is much more modern and it is of Slavic origin, like many toponyms of the prefecture of Epirus.

In the Ottoman period the development of trade routes that were crossing  Pindus gave impetus to a network of settlements that flourished continuously. The most significant of them were Pramanta,  Agnanta,  Melissourgoi, Theodoriana, Vourgareli,  Kalarites, Sirako etc. In modern history, the intense urbanization has led to decline several settlements. A few of them were completely abandoned. Almost every village of Athamanika mountains is characterized by the famous Epirus architecture.

Flora - Fauna

In Athamanika mountains grow many kinds of forests consisting of oak, beech, pine, chestnut and fir at higher altitudes. In the upper parts of the mountains dominates herbaceous vegetation with vast meadows. On the banks of the rivers grow willows, sycamores and other riparian plants.

In the lush forests of the mountains have been observed wolves, squirrels, wild boars, deer, hares, partridges, quail  etc. Particular mention should be made of the large predators that live at the mountains. Finally, vipers and other reptiles have been seen in several places.

 

Activities

The large number of paths that cross the forests and unite the residential network are ideal for hiking and mountain biking. Finally, Arachthos is an excellent river for kayaking, canoeing and rafting.



© myGreece.travel photo
© myGreece.travel photo