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Forests
Hymettus
few clouds
15°C
Humidity: 93%
Clouds: 20%

Hymettus mountain is located at the eastern Attica. Hymettus, after the devastating fires of Mount Parnitha and Penteli the previous years, is the largest green lung for the inhabitants of the plain of Athens.

 

Geography

Hymettus is an elongated mountain with general direction from North  to South. At the West of the massif lies the plain of Athens and at the East the plain of Mesogeia. Its length reaches the 22 km and the maximum width is not exceeding the 6 km. Evzone is the highest peak of the mountain with an altitude of more than 1.000 meters. Corrosion of the carbonate rocks has created gorges and steep cliffs at the mountain.

 

History

According to archaeological findings, the area was first inhabited during the Neolithic Age. The first inhabitants of the mountain were Pro-Greeks. During the Athenian domination of the 5th century BC were founded the temples of Zeus, Aphrodite and Apollo. At the same time,  marble was mined from the western slopes of the mountain in order to cover the needs of building materials.

At the 2nd century AD was built the monastery of Kessariani. The operation of the monastery kept on until 1832. The monastery was shut down after King's Otto demand.

 

Flora - Fauna

The mountain of Hymettus is a green lung for the Athenians that  contributes to the configuration of the local climate.

At the area are identified more than 600 species of plants, most of which are rare and endemic.

The fauna of Hymettus is equally important and includes mammals such as foxes and rabbits and more than 100 species of birds.

 

Sights

Hymettus is  ideal for nature tours along the signposted paths. Besides the monastery of Kessariani, Hymettus hosts the monasteries of St. John the Theologian, St. John  the Hunter, St. John the Baptist and Asterios.

The most important natural monument is the cave of Paiania, also known as Koutouki. North of Hymettus is located a smaller cave, the cave Lion.