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Forests
Parnassus
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Parnassus is a mountain in Sterea Ellada that stretches along the Provinces ov Viotia, Fthiotida and Fokida. It is one of the highest Greek mountains with many peaks, the highest of which are Liakouras (2557m) and Gerondovrahos (2367m). Parnassus National Park has been created in the boundaries of this mountain since 1938 and covers an area of 36.000 acres. At Mount Parnassus and the National Park visitors have the chance to admire a rich flora and fauna as well as the natural geomorphologic formations that consist of waterfalls, gorges, caves and springs.

 

Mythology

Parnassus is connected with the myth of Defkalionas storm. According to the myth, Zeus decided to punish the corrupted humankind causing a heavy storm. Defkalionas, son of Prometheus, took his father advice and constructed a ship where he and his wife Pyrra were boarded. After 9 days of tremendous storms and devastations the ship reached Parnassus where the couple made a sacrifice to Zeus wishing to re-create the humankind.

 

National Park

Parnassus National Park was created in 1938 and is the second after Olympus National Park. Its 36000 acres cover the 1/5 of the mountain’s total area and spreads alond the Provinces of Fokida and Viotia. It is an area of high aesthetic and environmental value with an extremely reach flora and fauna. The National Park is protected under the European regulations 79/43 ‘for the reservation of natural biotopes, wild fauna and flora’ and 79/409 ‘for the protection of wild birds’.

 

Flora and Fauna

Many research and scientific institutes of Botany have focused on the interesting flora of Parnassus National Park. Its biggest part is covered in Fir trees, Black Pines and Cedar trees. There have been recorded more than 700 species and sub-species of plants and 10 different varieties among which many aromatic, therapeutic and poisonous plants. The number of the endemic species like the Peony of Parnassus, the Balsam that is used in Herbal therapy and Homeotherapy, the Red lily and the poets’ violet is very important.

The National Park hosts very interesting fauna species too. It includes common mammals like foxes, badgers, hares and squirrels and more rare ones like jackals, wild pigs, ferrets, wolves and others. Moreover the park is the natural habitat for many amphibians and reptiles like vipers, tortoises, wild lizards and frogs. Parnassus National Park exhibits a very interesting variety of bird species like partridges, woodpeckers, snow thrushes, golden eagles, Bonelli's eagles, hawks and bearded vultures which are grown in small numbers and unfortunately many of them are under extinction thus have been identified as protected species.

 

Sightseeing

Both the Mount and the National Park have got many noteworthy spots. The most significant is the archaeological site of Delphi with the worldwide known Apollo Sanctuary and the ancient Theatre. Other spots of interest are the ‘Inn of Gravia’ which has been restored and hosts a museum and ‘Vagonetto Mining Park’ where visitors are introduced step-by-step to the bauxite mining process.

 

Recreation- Hiking

Parnassus is the whole-year, ideal destination for sports lovers.

Parnassus ski centre at the areas Kelaria, Fterolakka and Gerondovrahos operates From December until May. It is one of the best organized ski centers with a large number of visitors annually. Many routes in landscapes of enchanting natural beauty are available to bike and hiking lovers in the Mountain and specifically in the National Park. There have been spread a dense network of biking roads and many interesting hiking paths. The International path E4 that crosses the mountain’s west part and the National path 22 that links Parnassus with Parnitha constitute the paths’ milestones.

 

 

 

 

 



© myGreece.travel photo
© myGreece.travel photo
© myGreece.travel photo
© myGreece.travel photo
© myGreece.travel photo
© myGreece.travel photo
© myGreece.travel photo