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Forests
Mount Parnon
few clouds
14°C
Humidity: 93%
Clouds: 20%

Mount Parnon rises in the southeastern part of the Peloponnese. It  is the largest mountain range in the region. Abrupt changes of landscape, rich flora and continuous human presence from prehistoric times to the present give unique characteristics in the area.

 

Geography

Parnon is a mountain that rises in the boundaries of the prefectures of Laconia and Arcadia. At the West it is bounded by the river Taygetos and at the East it ends at the bay of Argolis. At the South it ends at the cape of Maleas.

Geomorphologically, Parnon is an elongated mountain with general direction from North to South. Its length is bigger than  70 km. The region presents intense geodiversity where smooth plains and steep gorges co-exist. Megali Tourla is the highest peak of the mountain reaching 2,000 meters. More than 15 peaks  of Parnon exceed 1,000 meters.

 

History

The name of the mountain, probably relative with the names  'Parnassus' and 'Parnes', means ' the tip that glows'.  According to historical findings, the region was inhabited during the Paleolithic Era. The ancient Greeks gave divinity to the mountain.  Specifically, Parnon was the mountain of Saturn (Kronion), the place of worship of the goddess Artemis and the place of residence of Dionysus in his childhood.

The sanctity of the site kept on during the Byzantine and Ottoman period as documented by the 12 monasteries that are distributed in the area. The most famous is  Elonas Monastery which was built on the edge of a cliff.

Finally, during the Greek Revolution of 1821 and during the German occupation, Parnon was one of the main centers of the Greek resistance.

 

Flora - Fauna

At mount Parnon grow forests of many species such as pines, firs and oaks. On the banks of the rivers grow willows, sycamores and other riparian plants. At lower altitudes are spread olive trees. The cedar forest of mount Parnon is the unique forest in Europe and it is protected by the program NATURA 2000. Finally, the region is rich in rare medicinal herbs and wild flowers which are under protection.

The fauna of Parnon is equally important. It includes jackals, badgers, foxes, woodpeckers and other protected species.

 

Activities

The lush landscape of Parnon is offered for eco-tours and religious tourism.