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Forests
Pelion
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15°C
Humidity: 93%
Clouds: 90%

Mount Pelion rises in the eastern part of Thessaly. The lush natural scenery, the traditional villages and the stunning beaches on the eastern edges of the mountain set Pelion as one of the most popular tourist destinations in the country throughout the year.

 

Geography

Pelion is a mountain that grows in the eastern part of the prefecture of Magnesia. At the West it is bounded by the plains of Thessaly and Pagasitikos gulf and at the East it ends to the Aegean Sea.

Geomorphologically , Pelion is an elongated mountain directed from North to South. Its length reaches 44 km. The maximum width of the mountain does not exceed 25 km. Pliasidi is the highest peak with 1,550 meters height above sea level. The region has a strong geodiversity with impressive gorges, caves and colorful beaches due to the volcanic rocks.

 

History

The history of Pelion is lost in the mists of time. Great poets of ancient Greece such as Homer, Hesiod and Pindar refer to the natural beauty of Pelion. According to Greek mythology, Argo, Jason's ship, built with timber from the mountain. The mythological references demonstrate  Pelion as residency of Centaurs and as a summer resort of the 12 Olympian Gods. Finally, at Pelion took place the mythological battle between the Centaurs and the Lapiths.

During the Ottoman period various privileges were given to the inhabitants of the villages of Pelion. This situation led to growth in the region until the 18th century. At the same time, schools were established that  contributed to the spiritual flourishing. The most important educational centre was the Greek Museum of Zagora where Rigas Feraios was a teacher. The 40 villages of Pelion, built in the traditional Pelion architecture are a popular tourist destination. The most important are Makrinitsa, Zagora, Tsagarada, Portaria, Milies, Vizitsa etc.

In 1892, began the construction  of the rail network from Volos to Milies. The project was completed in 1903 and operates seasonally until today.

 

Flora - Fauna

In Pelion grow forests  of many species such as  beeches, oaks, chestnuts, sycamores, pines, laurels, myrtles and other plants. At lower elevations grow apple trees, mulberries and citrus. Finally, the region is rich in rare medicinal plants like hemlock, chamomile, Belladonna etc.

The fauna of Pelion includes various species like jackals, badgers, foxes, wild boars, etc.

 

Activities

Pelion is one of the most developed tourist destinations in Greece. Specifically, Pelion is ideal for winter sports and tours both in nature and the impressive villages. Finally, Pelion is also ideal for water sports at it spectacular beaches.