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Forests
Penteli
clear sky
17°C
Humidity: 58%
Clouds: 0%

Penteli mountain is located at the northeastern Attica. The famous 'Pentelic marble' is used from ancient times until today. Through the years this marble of fine quality has decorated several monuments and buildings.

 

Geography

Penteli mountain is the northeastern boundary of the basin of Athens. At the South is located the plain of  Mesogeia and at the  East the massif ends at the south Evian Gulf. The highest peak is at 1,109 meters.

Penteli mountain is consisted of three geological formations: Lower marble forming the substrate and the core of the morphological outbreak, Kessariani schistoliths in the middle and upper marble on the top of the mountain. The two horizons of the marble are the famous 'Pentelic marble'.

At the southern foot of the mountain, were found fossils belonging to more than 40 species. Among them are bones of rhinoceroses, machairodontes, giant turtles, etc.

 

History

The first name of the mountain was Vrilisos. The name 'Penteli' was appeared in the 3rd century BC. The ancient quarry opened in the fifth century BC supplying tones of marble to the rapidly growing Athens. The 'Pentelic marble' decorates the Acropolis of Athens and numerous other monuments.

In the second century AD was constructed in the region under the command of the Roman Emperor Hadrian, the largest aqueduct in Athens with 25 km length.

In the area of ​​Penteli is located  the monastery of Daou Penteli,  built in the 10th century and the male monastery of the Assumption, built in the late 16th century. Other important monuments located in the area are the cave of Amomon, also known as Cave Davelis, the Observatory of Athens and the Tower of the Duchess of Plaisance.

 

Environment

Penteli's climate is dry with low rainfall.        These characteristics set climate  particularly healthy. A series of hospitals and sanatoriums were found at the are due its healthy climate.

The favorable climate was not enough for the development of a rich ecosystem in the area. A series of fires in combination with the illegal building managed to destroy the ecosystem of the mountain. Previously, boars, wolves and foxes were living at the mountain.