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Volcanoes
Methana
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The peninsula of Methanon located in the southeastern cape of the Peloponnese and is known for her volcano. There are about 30 volcanic craters on the peninsula and the last volcanic activity was underwater in 1700.

The area of the Saronic Gulf is rich in volcanic regions. The recent explosion of the volcano the 17th century took place off the north west coast of the peninsula of Methanon - about 1 km north of the point where the 230 BC was a historic explosion. The methane is the youngest volcanic area of the Saronic!

The oldest volcanic rock formations found in the Isthmus of Corinth in Agios Theodoros, in what is now the refinery. Volcanoes were also on the island of Aegina (eg Council Summit Term) and the small island of Poros (sphere) is a volcano. In the southwest have also found ancient volcanic rock formations Thermissia. In the southern Argolis helical rocks often derived from (sub) volcanic eruptions.

The volcano at Methana belongs to volcanic arc that connects the volcanoes Methanon, Patmos, Milos, Kimolos, Poros, Boat, Falconer, Antimilos, Sousaki, Egina, Polybius, Spyridonision, Antiparos, Christians, Santorini, Kos, Nisyros, Halicarnassus, Strongylos, Despotic, Velopoulos and Antiparos.

In this volcanic arc is due the onset of volcanic activity in the southern Aegean during ancient times. Around the end of the tertiary period were numerous volcanic eruptions, which continued during the Quaternary period.

History The volcano at Methane known from ancient times and volcanic activity are known from the period 276-239 BC from references made by ancient historians Strabo, Pausanias and Ovid.

Near the village of Kameni Chora at Methana is the best known of the 30 craters of the volcano Methanon, with a diameter of 100 meters and a depth of 40-50 m. The samples of past explosions of the volcano, in the region in Methane are a lot.

Besides the very impressive crater in the village Kameni Chora, there are also large craters in areas Makrylongos, southeast of the hill Helona, in place Stravolongos, in the upper Mouska and Kypseli.

Geology Sedimentary rock formations of the Mesozoic characterize the bulk of the Attic landscape and the east coast of the Peloponnese. Rocks of Triassic (220 to 180,000,000 years), the prehistoric and the Cretaceous period define the ranges. When the rain washes out the limestone cave systems created and sinkholes (collapse caves). Massifs of Methanon one can clearly see the strong tectonic pressures. Especially in thermal springs, permeates through a canyon the largest and most impressive disorder, which is highly prone to earthquakes. The "modern" volcanic activity in the region begins about 2-3 million years ago.

The volcanoes in the region: Krommyonia the Isthmus of Corinth (Agios Theodoros) Methane (last underwater explosion years in 1700, on land about 230 BC). Aegina (many volcanic domes from 35,000 to 150,000 years) Poros (age about 45,000 to 70,000 years)

Thermal Springs The spas have already Methana famous since antiquity. The famous ancient writer Pausanias described the hot springs that flowed after the historic explosion of the volcano (c. 230 BC). The springs used but certainly much earlier as well as already the Mycenaean period was one of the most important sanctuaries of the season, Built directly on the gulf brimstone.

Modern Spa came about in 1900, when first used by foreign visitors. At first, there were only small pools in which flowed the precious thermal water with up to 39 degrees. The first buildings Spa built by a German architect in 1912. This was a major change and recovery for Methana. Visitors began to flow from all over the world and Methana lived a cultural infrastructure, which was not reached again until now. A theater, a casino and many cafes built and Methana they became the main town in the Balkans cure.

The crisis came after the 2nd World War. Few could pay for cures. In the 60s-70s-80s visitors were mainly Athenians. The hardest hit that received the Methane, was from the commencement of the spa in Loutriaki combining Spa, entertainment, casino and modern hotels. Gradually Methana took the form of a retirement home. Year after year the number of visitors decreased. In 2002 the baths sold at brothers Papaioannou, which in German help try to remodel and modernize the baths.