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The most dominant flora species of Salamina is Aleppo pine. Animals that live on the island are snakes, hedgehogs, foxes and turtles. There is also a great number of birds.

According to mythology fairy Salamis, who was one of the daughters of the river god Aesop and sister of Aegina, gave its name to the island.

In this region, has conducted one of the most important naval battles of all time. The world famous naval battle of Salamis in 480 BC between Greek city-states of antiquity and the Persian Empire. The result was the defeat of the Persian forces, the destruction of their fleet and the salvation of Greek civilization. It should be noted that the island is home to the tragic poet Euripides and King Ajax.

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