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Archaeological Sites
The Acropolis of Athens
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The Acropolis of Athens is the hallmark of the city and one of the most splendid monuments in the world. The Sacred rock of the Acropolis, a limestone hill of 150 meters height, dominates the center of the capital. Stone fortification has been erected on the perimeter of the top portion of the rock to protect the inner sacred site of Acropolis.

The Parthenon, an architectural masterpiece and the most important building of the complex, has been built on the central part of the Acropolis. The construction of the temple began in 447 BC by the architects Iktinos and Kallikratis. It is a Doric temple made of marble, with eight columns at the narrow sides and 17 columns at the long sides. Inside the Parthenon stood the chyselephantine (gold and ivory) statue of goddess Athena, sculpted by the famous sculptor Phedias. The metopes were embossed and presented various themes of Greek mythology on the inner part and scenes of the Panathenaic procession on the outer part.

The Propylaea is the monumental entrance of the Acropolis. The overall construction work began in 436 BC under the name of the famous architect Mnesikles but stopped suddenly in 431 BC, when the Peloponnesian war started, bringing the project to remain unfinished. The structure is constituted by three buildings and most impressive among them is the central one, maintaining various architectural elements.

The Temple of Athena or Wingless Victory is located on the southwest side of the Acropolis, next to the Propylaea. It is a temple made of marble, work of the architect Kallikratis and the construction of it started in 427 BC. This small Ionic temple housed the statue of Athena Victory.

The Erechtheion temple is situated on the northern side of the Acropolis and was the work of the architect Callimachus. According to Greek mythology, the site of the Erechtheion temple was where the contest between Poseidon and Athena for the domination of the city took place. This Ionic temple is separated internally into 2 parts, one for each god. Arguably, the most well known part of the temple is the southern balcony, where instead of columns the famous Caryatids are supporting the roof of it.

Within the fortifications of the Acropolis, there is a number of monuments from different periods. Mind the old Acropolis museum built in the mid 19th century, located in the eastern part. In the southern slopes of th

e Sacred Rock, there have been preserved many monuments of the Classical period and the Roman domination. Most important among them are the Odeons of Dionysus and Pericles built in the 5th century BC and the imposing Odeion of Herodes Atticus, still hosting today selected concerts and performances during the summer months.

Useful information
Access to the archaeological site is possible via the pedestrian street of Dionysius Areopagite, near the metro station 'Acropolis' and from the Ancient Agora and Plaka located near the metro station 'Monastiraki'. The site is open to public daily from 8 am to 5 pm. (tel : +30 210 3214172) .



 
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