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Archaeological Sites
The Ancient Agora
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The archaeological site of the Ancient Agora is located on a relatively flat area on the northwest foothills of the Acropolis. In the heyday of ancient Athens, the Agora was the administrative, financial and cultural center. The limit of Agora to the North was the river Eridanus, which was flowing at the time ending into Kifissos river on the east. The limit to the south is a limestone cliff 115 meters high, the Areios Pagos, which functioned as the high Court of Appeal in classical times and which later served as the seat for Apostle Paul to address to the Athenians.

The first reference of the Ancient Agora dated to the Geometric period and included public buildings and temples. In 480 BC the region suffered the Persian pillage but was rebuilt during The Golden Age of Pericles. Among the magnificent buildings constructed at this period, the most important is the Temple of Hephaestus (known today as Theseion or Thission). The Temple of Hephaestus is built on a hilly rise in the western perimeter of Ancient Agora and it is the best-preserved temple of the antiquity in Greece. This Doric temple is made of the famous Pentelic marble.

During the Roman period, generous donations of notable Romans resulted in the construction of additional brilliant buildings in the Ancient Agora. Undoubtedly, a trademark of that period is the Stoa of Attalus. It is a two-storey Doric building funded by the king of Pergamum Attalus II. Today the site houses the Museum of Ancient Agora. Equally important building of that period is the Odeion of Agrippa built at the center of Agora. This structure of Corinthian order hosted mainly music performances.

Over the centuries, the Agora interracted with the development of the city of Athens and gradually lost the ancient glamor and importance. During the Byzantine period, the Christian Church of Holy Apostles was built on the ruins of the Nymphaeum and is preserved intact until today.

Useful information
Access to the archaeological site is feasible from Thission Square, next the homonymous metro station and from Adrianou Street near the metro station 'Monastiraki'. The archaeological site is open to the public daily from 8am to 3pm. The Ancient Agora Museum is open from 11 to 3 pm on Mondays while all the other days it is from 8am to 3pm, in accordance to the timetable of the archaeological site (tel : +30 210 3210185 ).

 
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